4 home remedies for HFMD disease

Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is an infectious disease caused by viruses, commonly affecting children under 5 years old. The disease usually presents mild symptoms including fever, blisters on the hands, feet, and mouth, and can resolve on its own within 7-10 days. However, in some cases, children may experience severe complications. Therefore, home remedies for HFMD disease are crucial.

 

Overview of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

Causes: HFMD is caused by enteroviruses, with Coxsackievirus A16 and Enterovirus 71 being the most common.

Typical symptoms:

  • Mild or high fever
  • Small blisters on the palms, soles, and inside the mouth
  • Blisters may rupture, causing painful sores
  • Fatigue, loss of appetite, irritability in children

Warning: The disease can become severe, especially in children under 1 year old, with signs like persistent high fever, sudden movements (startle), frequent vomiting, and lethargy. In such cases, immediate medical attention is required.

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The disease can become severe with signs like persistent high fever, sudden movements (startle), frequent vomiting, and lethargy

 

Home Remedies for Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

While there is no specific medication for HFMD, effective home remedies for HFMD disease can shorten the duration of the illness and help children recover better:

  • Adequate Rest – home remedies for HFMD disease:
    • Keep children at home, away from school or crowded places to limit the spread and help them recover faster.
    • Create a quiet, comfortable environment for children to sleep well.
    • Encourage children to get enough sleep according to their age – home remedies for HFMD disease.
  • Fever Reduction:
    • Use fever-reducing medications like paracetamol (acetaminophen) as prescribed by a doctor.
    • Home remedies for HFMD disease – Encourage children to drink plenty of water or fruit juices to reduce fever naturally.
    • Apply warm compresses with a cool, damp cloth on the forehead, armpits, and groin.
  • Proper Nutrition:
    • Home remedies for HFMD disease – Provide plenty of fluids, encourage drinking water, fruit juices, ORS, and cool milk to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.
    • Prefer soft, liquid foods like porridge, soup, smoothies to reduce mouth irritation and make eating easier.

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Prefer soft, liquid foods like porridge, soup, smoothies to reduce mouth irritation and make eating easier

    • Avoid hot, spicy, or acidic foods that can cause pain to mouth sores.
    • Offer small, frequent meals to ensure adequate nutrition.
  • Personal Hygiene – home remedies for HFMD disease:
    • Maintain oral hygiene by rinsing the mouth with saline solution or appropriate antiseptic mouthwash.
    • Regularly wash hands and feet with soap and running water.
    • Bathe daily with warm water, gently cleaning areas with blisters.
    • Frequently change diapers to maintain cleanliness – home remedies for HFMD disease.

 

Special Care for Children with HFMD

  • Handling Blisters: Do not pop blisters or apply unknown medications. Clean the affected skin with saline solution and pat dry.
  • Reducing Mouth Pain: Use topical pain relief gels or antiseptic solutions (e.g., Phosphalugel, Trimafort) as directed by a doctor.
  • Isolating the Child: Keep children home from school, limit contact with other children and adults to prevent spreading the disease.

 

Preventing Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

  • Cleanliness: Wash hands regularly with soap and water, especially after using the toilet, before eating, and after caring for a sick child.
  • Disinfecting Items: Regularly sanitize surfaces, utensils, and toys that might be contaminated with saliva or secretions.
  • Vaccination: Vaccines for HFMD are available; parents should learn about and get their children vaccinated to boost immunity and prevent the disease.

Most cases of HFMD in children are mild. However, parents must be aware of home treatments and closely monitor their child’s condition. Seek medical attention if any unusual symptoms occur, such as prolonged high fever, refusal to eat, continuous vomiting, seizures, or lethargy.

 

FAQs on “home remedies for HFMD disease”

  • Can a child with HFMD take a bath?
    • Yes, bathe the child with warm water, ensuring to gently clean affected skin areas. Bathing helps keep the body clean and reduces the risk of secondary infections.
  • What should a child eat when having HFMD?
    • Provide plenty of fluids: water, fruit juices, ORS, cool milk to replace fluids and electrolytes.
    • Soft, liquid foods: porridge, soup, smoothies to reduce mouth irritation and ease eating.
    • Avoid hot, spicy, or acidic foods: which can cause pain to mouth sores.
  • Should I apply medication to a child with HFMD?
    • Do not apply any medication without consulting a doctor. Use prescribed medications correctly.
  • When should a child see a doctor?
    • Persistent high fever: Fever above 38.5°C that doesn’t reduce after 2 days.
    • Refusal to eat, frequent vomiting: Signs of severe dehydration.
    • Seizures: Requires immediate emergency care.
    • Lethargy or drowsiness: May indicate complications affecting the respiratory or cardiovascular system.
  • How to effectively prevent HFMD?
    • Regular handwashing: Wash hands with soap after using the toilet, before eating, and after contact with a sick child.
    • Clean environment: Keep the house clean and well-ventilated. Disinfect children’s utensils and toys.
    • Avoid contact with sick individuals: Limit exposure to crowded places and sick children.
    • Complete vaccination: Vaccination is the most effective prevention method.

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Vaccination is the most effective prevention method

 

Scientific Evidence on home remedies for HFMD disease

  1. Research on the effectiveness of rest in treating HFMD:
    • Tropical Pediatrics Journal (2018): Studies show that children who get adequate rest recover faster and have fewer complications than those who do not.
    • Preventive Medicine Journal (2019): Research confirms that rest strengthens the immune system, helping the body fight off the virus more effectively.
  2. Research on the use of paracetamol to reduce fever in children with HFMD:
    • National Institutes of Health (NIH) Drug Use Guide: Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is a safe and effective fever reducer for children, including those with HFMD.
    • Pediatric Pharmacology Journal (2017): A study comparing the effectiveness of paracetamol and ibuprofen in treating fever in children with HFMD found that paracetamol has comparable fever-reducing effects and fewer side effects than ibuprofen.

 

The article provides information on “home remedies for HFMD disease” and related knowledge. We hope this article is helpful to you.

 

References:

 How to Treat Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease | CDCcdc·1

 How To Prevent And Treat Hand, Foot, And Mouth Disease – CHOC Children’schoc·2

Kiểm Duyệt Nội Dung

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