How is genital warts transmitted? Most effective treatments and preventive measures!

Genital warts are a prevalent condition globally, potentially impacting the quality of life and mental health of those affected. So, how is genital warts transmitted? What are the most effective treatments and preventative measures? Let’s explore these aspects in the following article!

What are Genital Warts?

Genital warts refer to the appearance of small warts in the genital area, caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Primarily, this condition is transmitted through unsafe sexual intercourse. However, the virus can also spread through certain indirect contacts without direct sexual exposure. These small warts typically resemble cauliflower-like growths or can be subtle and challenging to detect in some cases.


Symptoms of Genital Warts

The signs of genital warts often manifest on the skin and are reasonably identifiable. Here are some primary indicators:

  • Small warts that may change color or appear grayish in the genital area.
  • Clusters of small, adjacent bumps resembling cauliflower florets.
  • Itching and discomfort in the genital region.
  • Bleeding during sexual intercourse.

In both males and females, the condition can appear on the external genital areas and around the anus.

  • For males: The warts typically appear on the foreskin, glans penis, shaft, and urethral opening.
  • For females: Genital warts commonly appear on the vulva, vagina, cervix, labia majora, and labia minora. Additionally, they can occur around the entire genital area, perineum, and pelvic bone surroundings.

sùi mào gà lây qua đường nào 1 Genital warts are a prevalent condition globally, potentially impacting the quality of life and mental health of those affected. So, how is genital warts transmitted?

Skin eruptions are a common symptom of genital warts


Are Genital Warts Dangerous?

Genital warts usually do not pose severe health risks or life-threatening situations. It’s a common skin condition, and most cases resolve without specific treatment over time. However, some points to note include:

  • Itching and inflammation: Genital warts may cause itching and skin irritation in the surrounding areas, leading to discomfort and redness.
  • Transmission: As a contagious condition, genital warts can transmit the virus through direct contact or shared personal items, potentially leading to widespread transmission within a household or close environments.
  • Secondary infections: In some cases, particularly when scratched or infected, genital warts might lead to additional secondary infections. However, this occurrence is rare in most cases.

If you or a family member are experiencing worrisome symptoms due to genital warts or wish to address them, discussing with a doctor or dermatologist is recommended. They can suggest treatment methods or advise on symptom relief and preventing transmission to others.


How is genital warts transmitted?

Genital warts are a skin condition that can spread. So, how is genital warts transmitted?

Genital warts can be transmitted through the following means:

1. Sexual Intercourse – How is genital warts transmitted?

Unprotected sexual intercourse remains the most common method of transmitting genital warts, including anal or oral intercourse.

sùi mào gà lây qua đường nào 2 Genital warts are a prevalent condition globally, potentially impacting the quality of life and mental health of those affected. So, how is genital warts transmitted?

Unprotected sexual intercourse is the leading cause of contracting genital warts

2. Direct Contact – How is genital warts transmitted?

Genital warts can spread upon contact with the infected person’s skin or mucous membranes in the genital area, even without sexual contact.

3. Sharing Personal Items – How is genital warts transmitted?

Sharing personal items like towels, clothing, undergarments, toothbrushes, eating utensils, and various other objects that come into contact with an infected person can facilitate transmission.

4. Activities in High-Risk Environments – How is genital warts transmitted?

Shared usage of beauty tools (such as nail clippers, razors, tweezers, nail polish), engaging in massage services (using towels, beds, massage tools), or undergoing close skin-to-skin contact services can harbor the risk of transmitting genital warts.

5. Maternal Transmission – How is genital warts transmitted?

In rare instances, genital warts can transmit from mother to child during childbirth.


Treatment for Genital Warts

Genital warts often resolve over time without requiring specific treatment. However, if you wish to remove genital warts or if they cause discomfort, several treatment methods, under the guidance of a doctor or dermatologist, may be employed:

1. Wart Removal (Scraping or Excision)

Medical professionals can use specialized tools to remove warts from the skin. This procedure is typically minimally painful and does not require anesthesia.

Avoid self-removal of warts by hand or using non-medical tools, as this might lead to infections or wounds.

2. Application of Therapeutic Acid-based Creams

A doctor may prescribe a cream containing acids like trichloroacetic acid or salicylic acid for at-home use. You’ll be instructed on how to apply this cream to the genital warts.

The use of acid-based creams often requires patience and time, and multiple applications may be necessary.

3. Laser Therapy

Genital warts can also be eliminated using laser treatment, usually performed by a dermatologist. This procedure might cause mild discomfort.

4. Self-Resolution Process

Genital warts typically self-resolve over time, ranging from several months to a few years. During this period, refrain from scratching or picking at the warts to prevent transmission and skin damage.

Note that treating genital warts is often aimed at alleviating current symptoms rather than preventing their recurrence. Discuss with a doctor or dermatologist to determine the most suitable treatment based on your condition. Avoid self-treatment or self-removal of genital warts without professional guidance.


Preventive Measures for Genital Warts

To prevent genital warts, you can take the following measures:

Avoid contact with individuals with genital warts

Genital warts commonly transmit through direct skin-to-skin contact with virus-infected areas or via personal items. Limit contact with individuals who have genital warts, especially in cases involving skin-to-skin contact, to reduce the risk of transmission.

Avoid sharing personal items

Refrain from sharing towels, clothing, toys, or other personal items with others, especially if you know they have genital warts.

sùi mào gà lây qua đường nào 3 Genital warts are a prevalent condition globally, potentially impacting the quality of life and mental health of those affected. So, how is genital warts transmitted?

Avoid sharing personal hygiene items

Practice personal hygiene

Frequently wash hands with soap and warm water to reduce the risk of transmitting the genital warts virus from hands to other areas of the skin.

Avoid unsafe sexual contact

Genital warts can transmit through sexual intercourse, so practice safe sex and engage in protected sexual activities to prevent transmission through this route.

Avoid scratching or picking at genital warts

Scratching or picking at genital warts can cause skin damage and increase the risk of virus transmission. Limit contact with genital warts and refrain from scratching.

Boost the immune system

A strong immune system can help combat various skin conditions, including genital warts. Maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and ensuring adequate sleep.

Keep the skin clean and dry

Moist and damp skin areas can increase the risk of infection and spread of genital warts. Keep the skin clean and dry to minimize this risk.

This article provides insights into genital warts and specifically how is genital warts transmitted, treatment methods, and preventative measures. If you or someone in your family is infected with the genital warts virus, consult a doctor or dermatologist for advice on effective management and treatment.

Kiểm Duyệt Nội Dung

Ban Biên Tập | Website

More than 10 years of marketing communications experience in the medical and health field.

Successfully deployed marketing communication activities, content development and social networking channels for hospital partners, clinics, doctors and medical professionals across the country.

More than 6 years of experience in organizing and producing leading prestigious medical programs in Vietnam, in collaboration with Ho Chi Minh City Television (HTV). Typical programs include Nhật Ký Blouse Trắng, Bác Sĩ Nói Gì, Alo Bác Sĩ Nghe, Nhật Ký Hạnh Phúc, Vui Khỏe Cùng Con, Bác Sỹ Mẹ, v.v.

Comprehensive cooperation with hundreds of hospitals and clinics, thousands of doctors and medical experts to join hands in building a medical content and service platform on the Doctor Network application.

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