How many days should a dog bite be monitored?

Dog bites are not uncommon and can result in superficial injuries while posing a risk of transmitting dangerous diseases, particularly rabies. So, How many days should a dog bite be monitored? Understanding how to properly manage dog bite wounds, monitor them correctly, and determine when to get a rabies vaccination is crucial to protect your health and that of your loved ones.

Understanding the Danger of Rabies

  • What is rabies? Rabies is an extremely dangerous acute viral infection that damages the central nervous system. It is transmitted from animals to humans, primarily through the bite of an infected animal.
  • Symptoms of rabies after a dog bite: The disease usually incubates for several weeks to months. When symptoms appear, they include fever, fatigue, headache, hydrophobia, aerophobia, agitation, hallucinations, muscle paralysis, and can rapidly lead to death.
  • Transmission: The rabies virus is abundant in the saliva of infected animals.
  • The disease spreads primarily through bites or licks on broken skin. Rabies risk from dog bites: Rabies is nearly always fatal if not treated promptly. Therefore, every dog bite incident must be taken seriously to ensure proper preventive measures.

Bi-cho-can-can-theo-doi-bao-nhieu-ngay-1 How-many-days-should-a-dog-bite-be-monitored

Rabies is an extremely dangerous acute viral infection, causing damage to the central nervous system

Initial Steps for Managing Dog Bite Wounds

Caring for a dog bite wound: Thoroughly wash the wound under running water with soap for at least 15 minutes to remove as much of the rabies virus as possible. Disinfect the wound with 70% alcohol, iodine solution, or hydrogen peroxide. Go to the nearest healthcare facility to have a doctor assess the injury and administer rabies and tetanus vaccinations if necessary. Monitoring for rabies after a bite: If possible, monitor the biting animal for 10-15 days. If the animal dies, disappears, or shows abnormal signs, seek immediate medical advice for further action. Even if the animal shows no signs of rabies, monitoring the wound and your health status is crucial.

When Rabies Vaccination is Necessary

Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP): If there is a risk of rabies virus exposure, PEP should be initiated as soon as possible. This includes vaccination and, in some cases, rabies immunoglobulin. Factors to consider: The decision to vaccinate is based on factors such as: Vaccination status of the biting dog (if known) Severity and location of the bite (bites on the head or neck are more dangerous) Prevalence of rabies in the area Post-bite rabies vaccination: Typically, the basic rabies vaccination schedule includes 4-5 doses administered over one month.

How Long Should a Dog Bite Be Monitored?

The monitoring period after a dog bite depends on several factors, including:

Type of dog:

  • Domestic dog with up-to-date vaccinations: Monitor for 10 days.
  • Stray or unknown dog: Monitor for 15 days.
  • Severity of the bite: Minor bite: Monitor for 10 days.
  • Deep, bleeding bite: Monitor for 15 days.
  • Location of the bite: Bite on the head, face, neck: Monitor for 15 days.
  • Bite on the arms, legs: Monitor for 10 days.


For Maximum Safety, Monitor the Dog for 15 Days

The standard monitoring period is usually 10 days. If the dog remains healthy with no signs of rabies (fever, seizures, lethargy, paralysis) during this period, the risk of transmission is considered very low.

However, to be safest, monitor the dog for 15 days. If the dog remains healthy after 15 days, you can be more assured that you have not contracted rabies.

Additionally, it is important to visit a healthcare facility for advice and proper wound care after a dog bite. A doctor will assess the risk of infection and may recommend rabies vaccination.

Does a dog lick on an open wound require a rabies vaccination?

Answer: Yes. The saliva of an animal infected with rabies contains the virus. Therefore, if a dog licks an open wound, you are still at risk of infection and should visit a healthcare facility for appropriate rabies vaccination advice.

Is it dangerous if a pet dog bites and causes bleeding?

Answer: Even if a pet dog bites you, you should still thoroughly clean the wound and visit a healthcare facility for an assessment. While pet dogs are often vaccinated against rabies, monitoring the wound and assessing the infection risk remains an important preventive measure.

Do I need to monitor the dog after getting a rabies vaccination?

Answer: Monitoring the dog that bit you is still very important even if you have received a rabies vaccination. If the animal dies or shows abnormal signs within 10-15 days after biting, you need to return to the healthcare facility for reassessment and may require additional vaccines or rabies immunoglobulin.


It is still important to monitor the dog that has bitten you even if you have been vaccinated against rabies

I got a rabies shot a few days after the dog bite; is it too late?

Answer: While it is best to get a rabies vaccination as soon as possible, late vaccination can still help protect you from the disease. Go to a healthcare facility immediately for advice on the best post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) treatment for your situation.

How many days of monitoring a dog bite is sufficient?

Answer: The standard monitoring period for an animal after it bites someone is approximately 10-15 days. If the animal remains healthy and shows no signs of rabies during this monitoring period, the risk of transmission to the person bitten is considered very low.

Scientific References

World Health Organization (WHO):

Guidelines on Rabies: [link removed] Monitoring period: WHO recommends monitoring the dog for 10 days. If the dog remains healthy after 10 days, the risk of rabies transmission is very low.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):

Guidelines on Rabies: Monitoring period: CDC recommends monitoring the dog for 10 days. However, if the dog is at high risk for rabies (e.g., stray dogs), you should monitor for 15 days.

This article provides information on “How many days should a dog bite be monitored” and related knowledge. We hope this article will be useful to you.


 Dog Bite Treatment: First Aid and How to Prevent Infection – Verywell Healthverywellhealth·1

 Animal Bites: Care Instructions – MyHealth Albertamyhealth.alberta·2

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