Large, painful boils on the buttocks caused by 3 common factors

Boils on the buttocks are a condition that causes discomfort, pain, and even infection. If you’re experiencing this issue, don’t worry. The article below will help you understand the causes, symptoms, treatments, and prevention of large, painful boils on the buttocks.


What Are Boils on the Buttocks?

Large, painful boils on the buttocks are a type of skin infection caused by bacteria, forming a swollen, painful lump filled with pus. This condition usually starts as a mild inflammation of the hair follicles and gradually worsens.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Typical symptoms include:

  • Large, painful boils on the buttocks with red, hot surrounding skin.
  • Presence of white or yellow pus at the head of the boil.
  • The boil may burst on its own or rapidly increase in size.


The boil may burst on its own or rapidly increase in size

Differentiating from other conditions: Boils on the buttocks can sometimes be confused with common folliculitis, eczema, or skin abscesses.

When to see a doctor: If a boil becomes unusually large, persists without improvement, is accompanied by fever, or multiple boils appear on the body, you should see a dermatologist for accurate diagnosis and timely treatment.

Causes of painful boils on the buttocks

  • Folliculitis: Inflammation of hair follicles, which can lead to painful boils on the buttocks when the infection progresses.
  • Bacterial infection: Staphylococcus aureus is often the main cause of infections in damaged hair follicles or minor skin injuries.
  • Risk factors:
    • Wearing tight clothing that causes friction on the buttocks.
    • Poor hygiene.
    • Weak immune system (e.g., diabetes).


Weak immune system (e.g., diabetes) – causes of painful boils on the buttocks

Safe Treatment and Management

Home care for large, painful boils on the buttocks:

  • Apply warm compresses to the boil several times a day to reduce pain and promote faster pus drainage.
  • Gently clean the area with mild antibacterial soap.
  • Avoid rubbing and wear loose-fitting clothing.

When to see a doctor:

  • If the boil doesn’t improve after a few days of home care, becomes unusually large, or is accompanied by fever or other signs of infection.


painful boils on the buttocks – Stay clean

  • A doctor may prescribe topical and/or oral antibiotics or perform an incision and drainage if necessary.

Potential Complications

  • Widespread infection: If not treated thoroughly, the infection can spread, causing fever, fatigue, and painful boils on the buttocks on other areas of the skin.
  • Skin abscess: A more severe infection forming a large, pus-filled lump, requiring medical treatment.

Common Questions About Large, Painful Boils on the Buttocks

  1. How to differentiate boils from other skin conditions?
    • Answer: Boils appear as large, red, painful lumps with pus, while folliculitis presents as smaller, itchy red bumps, abscesses are larger and more painful, and eczema causes dry, red, itchy patches.
  2. Can boils on the buttocks heal on their own?
    • Answer: Small boils may burst and heal within a few days. However, large or persistent boils require medical treatment to prevent spreading infection.
  3. How to relieve pain from boils on the buttocks?
    • Answer: Use warm compresses, over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen, and avoid squeezing the boil to prevent infection.
  4. Should I avoid certain foods if I have boils?
    • Answer: There’s no conclusive evidence linking specific foods to worsened boils. A healthy, balanced diet may support the immune system and help fight infections.
  5. Do boils on the buttocks leave scars?
    • Answer: Small boils usually do not leave scars. However, large or improperly treated boils can leave dark or pitted scars. Proper and timely treatment under a dermatologist’s guidance is crucial.

Scientific References about painful boils on the buttocks

  1. Causes of boils: According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), Staphylococcus aureus is the primary cause of infections in damaged hair follicles or minor skin injuries, leading to boils. A study in the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology also highlights folliculitis as a high-risk factor for developing boils on the buttocks.
  2. Risk factors: Harvard Medical School research indicates that tight clothing and friction can block pores and create an environment conducive to bacterial growth, leading to boils. AAD also notes that a weakened immune system (due to diabetes, HIV/AIDS, etc.) increases the risk of skin infections and boils.
  3. Complications: According to AAD, untreated boils on the buttocks can lead to widespread infections, fever, fatigue, and skin abscesses. Abscesses require antibiotics or drainage by a doctor.
  4. Treatment: AAD guidelines recommend topical or oral antibiotics as effective treatments for boils on the buttocks. For large boils, doctors may perform an incision and drainage to reduce pressure and promote healing.
  5. Prevention: Maintain clean skin, shower regularly with mild soap, wear loose-fitting clothing, and strengthen the immune system with a healthy diet and regular exercise.



While painful boils on the buttocks are not overly dangerous, they can cause significant discomfort. Early and proper treatment helps alleviate symptoms quickly and prevent complications. Don’t hesitate to consult a dermatologist for specific advice, especially if boils become severe or recur frequently.



Kiểm Duyệt Nội Dung

Ban Biên Tập | Website

More than 10 years of marketing communications experience in the medical and health field.

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