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Identifying Symptoms of Viral Fever in Children to Prevent Serious Complications!

Children are one of the susceptible groups to contract viral fever due to their immature immune systems compared to adults. As a result, many children suffer from this condition. So, what are the symptoms of viral fever in children? Is viral fever dangerous, and what preventive measures can be taken? These questions will be answered in the following article. Let’s explore together!


What is Viral Fever in Children?

Viral fever (viral infection fever) in children is a common condition, often caused by various types of viral infections, significantly affecting young children. Common viruses causing fever in children include Influenza A and B, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), Coronavirus, Parainfluenza, and Adenovirus.


Some Symptoms of Viral Fever in Children

Symptoms of viral fever in children may vary depending on the infecting virus and the child’s health condition. Here are some common symptoms of viral fever in children:

1. High Fever

Children may have a high fever, usually above 38°C. The temperature can rise rapidly and last for a period.

2. Fatigue and Sleepiness – symptoms of viral fever in children

Children often feel tired, lack energy, and desire frequent rest.

3. Digestive Disorders

Symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea may occur due to damage to the digestive system.

4. Respiratory Symptoms

Cough, runny nose, sore throat, difficulty breathing, nasal congestion, sneezing, and sinusitis are common symptoms associated with viral fever in children.

5. Loss of Appetite

Children may lose their appetite and struggle to consume food.

6. Mood Changes – symptoms of viral fever in children

Children may become irritable, stressed, cry more than usual, and experience mood swings and difficulty sleeping.

If your child exhibits any of these symptoms, it is crucial to take them to a doctor for examination and an accurate diagnosis. The doctor will prescribe appropriate treatment measures and provide care instructions for the child’s health stabilization.


Is Viral Fever in Children Dangerous?

Viral fever in children can lead to complications and pose a particular risk to young children. Some complications may include:

1. Pneumonia

Certain types of viruses, such as Influenza and Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), can cause pneumonia, a severe condition requiring timely treatment.

symptoms of viral fever in children 1

High fever is a typical symptom when a child contracts viral fever

2. Encephalitis

Some viral infections can invade the nervous system and cause encephalitis, a dangerous condition that can significantly impact a child’s health.

3. Respiratory Complications

Viral fever can cause issues such as a runny nose, sinusitis, tonsillitis, and other respiratory problems, weakening the immune system and increasing the risk of various respiratory infections.

4. Dehydration

Children with viral fever may lose water rapidly due to high fever and symptoms like vomiting or diarrhea. Dehydration can lead to an electrolyte imbalance and compromised health.

5. Other Complications

Viral fever can also lead to complications such as ear infections, hepatitis, myocarditis, and meningitis.


What to Do When a Child Has Viral Fever?

When a child has viral fever, you can take the following measures to assist the child and manage symptoms:

Ensure Rest

Allow the child to rest and create a comfortable environment for recovery.

Keep the Child’s Body Cool

Dress the child in breathable, not overly warm clothing. Use thin and cool clothing when the child has a high fever to reduce body temperature.

Ensure Adequate Hydration

Ensure the child drinks enough water to maintain hydration. If the child is reluctant to drink a lot, provide water in small sips or try giving the child non-carbonated sports drinks or freshly squeezed fruit juice.

Use Fever-Reducing Medications

If the child’s fever is high and causing discomfort, use fever-reducing medications such as paracetamol or ibuprofen according to the doctor’s instructions. Note that aspirin should not be used for young children due to the risk of harm.

symptoms of viral fever in children 2

Fever-reducing patches help lower the temperature for children when they have viral fever

Monitor Symptoms

Keep track of the child’s symptoms, including body temperature, alertness, eating habits, and activity. If symptoms become more severe or prolonged, contact a doctor for advice and appropriate treatment.

Limit Close Contact with Others

To prevent spreading the virus to others, limit close contact with other children and vulnerable adults. Especially avoid contact with other children or adults exhibiting symptoms of fever or cold.

Adhere to Preventive Measures

Ensure that the child and the family adhere to preventive measures, including frequent handwashing, covering the mouth when coughing or sneezing, and maintaining good personal hygiene.


Preventive Measures to Avoid Viral Fever in Children

To prevent viral fever in children, you can implement the following measures:

Frequent Handwashing

Instruct the child to wash hands with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds. Particularly, wash hands before eating and after touching dirty surfaces, shaking hands with others, or contacting animals.

Avoid Close Contact with Fever-Infected Individuals

Limit close contact with individuals who have a fever to reduce the risk of infection. Especially, avoid contact with other children or adults with symptoms of fever or cold.

Cover the Mouth and Nose When Coughing or Sneezing

Teach children to cover their mouth and nose with their elbow or a tissue when coughing or sneezing to reduce the spread of viruses and bacteria into the environment.

Avoid Touching the Face

Prevent children from touching their eyes, nose, and mouth without washing hands first. This is how viruses often enter the body.

Personal Hygiene Practices

Teach children proper personal hygiene procedures such as brushing their teeth, cleaning their chest and hands after coughing, and keeping their nails short to avoid bacterial accumulation.

Boost Immune System

Supplement a healthy diet, including plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, foods rich in vitamin C and D, to boost the child’s immune system.


Adhere to the recommended vaccination schedule and ensure that the child has received all vaccinations as directed by the doctor.

symptoms of viral fever in children 3

Vaccination and regular check-ups with a doctor are effective preventive measures against viral fever in children

Remember, preventive measures help reduce the risk of contracting viral fever but do not guarantee complete immunity. The most crucial aspect is maintaining personal hygiene and monitoring the child’s health.


This article has shared information about the symptoms of viral fever in children and related knowledge. Therefore, if children show any of the above symptoms or have unusual symptoms, take them to a doctor immediately for examination and timely treatment.

Kiểm Duyệt Nội Dung

Ban Biên Tập | Website

More than 10 years of marketing communications experience in the medical and health field.

Successfully deployed marketing communication activities, content development and social networking channels for hospital partners, clinics, doctors and medical professionals across the country.

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