Vaccination Schedule for Infants from 0 to 24 Months Old

Vaccination plays a crucial role in preventive healthcare, safeguarding a child’s health by preventing dangerous infectious diseases. To ensure the safety and optimal health of the child, parents should adhere to the complete vaccination schedule for infants from 0 to 24 months outlined below.

 

Why is Vaccination Necessary for Babies?

Vaccination for babies is essential as it protects them from dangerous infectious diseases. Vaccines help the baby’s body develop immunity against bacteria and viruses causing diseases, preventing serious illnesses like hepatitis B, polio, or viral and bacterial meningitis, among many others.

Vaccination not only safeguards the baby’s health but also prevents the spread of infectious diseases within the community, protecting those around the baby, especially individuals with weakened immune systems. Vaccination is necessary to ensure the highest effectiveness in safeguarding the baby’s health.

vaccination schedule for infants 1

Vaccination is a necessary measure to safeguard the health of infants

 

Vaccination Schedule for Infants 0-24 Months Old

1. Vaccination schedule for infants – Newborn Stage

Hepatitis B vaccination should be administered within the first 24 hours after birth or as soon as possible if delayed. For tuberculosis prevention, BCG vaccination is recommended within the first 30 days after birth.

2. 1-Month Stage

At one month of age, if the mother carries the hepatitis B virus, the hepatitis B vaccination (dose 2) is recommended. If the mother does not carry the hepatitis B virus, the second hepatitis B vaccination (dose 2) should be administered at two months of age through the 6-in-1 or 5-in-1 combination vaccine, which includes hepatitis B prevention.

3. Vaccination schedule for infants – 6 Weeks to 2 Months Stage

Rotavirus vaccine (dose 1) is recommended at 6 weeks to 2 months of age. Simultaneously, vaccines for pneumonia, meningitis, and ear infections caused by pneumococcus (dose 1) are recommended from 6 weeks onwards. At 2 months of age, the baby should receive the second dose of the hepatitis B vaccine, and the first dose of vaccines for diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio, bacterial meningitis, sore throat, bronchitis, and pneumonia caused by Haemophilus influenzae (dose 1). The 6-in-1 vaccine or 5-in-1 vaccine, along with the first dose of the polio vaccine, can be used.

4. 3-Month Stage

At 3 months of age, the baby should receive the second dose of the hepatitis B vaccine, and the second dose of vaccines for diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio, bacterial meningitis, sore throat, bronchitis, and pneumonia caused by Haemophilus influenzae (dose 2). The 6-in-1 vaccine (dose 2) or 5-in-1 vaccine, along with the second dose of the polio vaccine, can be used.

5. 4-Month Stage

At 4 months of age, the baby should receive the third dose of the hepatitis B vaccine, and the third dose of vaccines for diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio, bacterial meningitis, sore throat, bronchitis, and pneumonia caused by Haemophilus influenzae (dose 3). The 6-in-1 vaccine (dose 3) or 5-in-1 vaccine, along with the third dose of the polio vaccine, can be used.

6. Vaccination schedule for infants – 5-Month Stage

At 5 months of age, if the baby has received the 5-in-1 vaccine and the polio vaccine according to the National Immunization Program from 2-3-4 months old, one dose of the polio vaccine should be administered.

vaccination schedule for infants 2

At the age of 5 months, if the baby has already received the 5-in-1 vaccine and taken the polio vaccine

7. 6-Month Stage

At 6 months of age, the baby should receive the influenza vaccine (dose 1). The second dose is administered one month after the first, followed by annual doses. Additionally, the baby should receive the Japanese encephalitis vaccine, with two doses spaced at least 6-8 weeks apart (usually 2 months).

8. Vaccination schedule for infants – 9-12 Month Stage

Between 9 and 12 months of age, the baby should receive the measles or measles-mumps-rubella (MMR dose 1) vaccine. If the measles vaccine is administered between 9 and under 12 months, the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine should be administered 6 months later or MMR 4 years later. In the case of a measles outbreak, the MVVAC measles vaccine can be administered to babies from 6 months old. If the baby has not received the measles component vaccine before 1 year old, the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR dose 1) should be administered at 12 months, followed by a booster shot of the MVVAC measles vaccine or measles-rubella (MR) vaccine 6 months later, and continue with MMR dose 2 after 4 years.

The Japanese encephalitis vaccine (Imojev) can be administered from 9 months old, with two doses spaced 1-2 years apart. You can also administer it on the same day or at least 1 month apart from the measles or measles-mumps-rubella vaccine.

9. 12-24 Month Stage

  • Between 12 and 24 months, the baby should receive the Japanese encephalitis B vaccine, choosing one of the two if Imojev has not been administered (dose 1). Furthermore, the Jevax vaccine is recommended, with doses 1, 2 (1-2 weeks apart), and dose 3 after 1 year, followed by subsequent doses at least every 3 years until 15 years old.
  • The baby should also receive the mumps vaccine (dose 1), dose 2 after 4 years, hepatitis A vaccine (dose 1), and dose 2 after 6-12 months. The 6-in-1 vaccine (dose 4) for hepatitis B prevention, as well as protection against mumps, chickenpox, polio, bacterial meningitis, sore throat, bronchitis, and pneumonia caused by Haemophilus influenzae, should be administered when the baby is 18 months old and completed before 24 months.
  • Finally, the typhoid fever vaccine can be administered when the baby turns 24 months, with a second dose given after 3 years.

 

Notes on Vaccination for Children

When vaccinating children, several considerations should be kept in mind to ensure the vaccination process is safe and effective:

1. Adhere to the baby’s vaccination schedule

Ensure strict adherence to the baby’s vaccination schedule as per the instructions of the doctor or health authority. Adhering to the vaccination schedule is crucial for achieving the optimal effectiveness of vaccines.

vaccination schedule for infants 3

Adhering to the vaccination schedule for the baby as directed by the doctor

2. Check the baby’s health before vaccination

Before vaccination, check if the baby has any unusual symptoms, such as high fever or any other health issues. If the baby is unwell, discuss with the doctor whether vaccination should be postponed.

3. Monitor for adverse reactions

Monitor the baby after vaccination to detect early any possible adverse reactions, such as pain, swelling, or redness at the injection site. Serious reactions like rashes or difficulty breathing should be promptly reported to the doctor.

4. Keep vaccination records

Ensure that you store the baby’s vaccination records safely and conveniently. This record is essential for tracking the vaccination schedule and information about administered vaccines.

5. Consultation and inquiries

If you have any questions about vaccines or the vaccination process, do not hesitate to seek advice from the doctor or healthcare personnel. They have the knowledge and experience to address all your concerns.

6. Post-vaccination care

After vaccination, allow the baby to rest and provide good care if there are any signs of discomfort.

 

Remember, adhering to the correct and complete vaccination schedule for infants is crucial to protecting the baby’s health and the community from dangerous infectious diseases.

Kiểm Duyệt Nội Dung

Ban Biên Tập | Website

More than 10 years of marketing communications experience in the medical and health field.

Successfully deployed marketing communication activities, content development and social networking channels for hospital partners, clinics, doctors and medical professionals across the country.

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