Signs of a healthy pregnancy in the first 3 months you need to know

Pregnancy is a miraculous journey but also full of worries, especially during the first three months when the fetus is in a rapid development stage. Understanding the signs of a healthy pregnancy in the first 3 months will help expecting mothers feel more at ease and prepare adequately for a healthy pregnancy.

 

Signs That the Fetus is Developing Well

  • Morning Sickness in the First Trimester – signs of a healthy pregnancy in the first 3 months: It may seem paradoxical, but nausea and vomiting (morning sickness) are normal signs. More than 50% of pregnant women experience this, indicating that pregnancy hormones are changing significantly to support the baby’s development.

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Morning Sickness in the First Trimester – signs of a healthy pregnancy in the first 3 months

  • Hormonal Changes: signs of a healthy pregnancy in the first 3 months – Besides morning sickness, mothers may experience other changes such as mood swings, fatigue, frequent urination, etc. This is due to the increase in hormones in the body, especially hCG and progesterone.
  • Stable Weight Gain: In the first trimester, pregnant women should gain about 1-2 kg. This is a result of fetal development, increased blood volume, fluid retention, etc. Appropriate weight gain is a positive signal.
  • Breast Development – signs of a healthy pregnancy in the first 3 months: Sore, sensitive breasts and darker nipples indicate that the milk ducts are beginning to work, preparing for breastfeeding later.
  • First Trimester Ultrasound: Around the 6th to 9th week, doctors will perform an ultrasound to detect the fetal heartbeat, check the location of the gestational sac, screen for early abnormalities, and estimate the due date. Observing the baby’s image and heartbeat is a promising sign in this stage.

 

Other Important Factors Affecting the Fetus

  • Birth Defect Testing: Tests such as Double test, Triple test, and NIPT help early detection of risks like Down syndrome, neural tube defects, etc., allowing timely intervention if necessary.
  • Nutrition for the First 3 Months: The fetus receives all nutrients from the mother. It is essential to supplement folic acid, iron, essential vitamins, and minerals, and limit processed foods and harmful drinks.

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The fetus receives all nutrients from the mother

  • Mother’s Health in the First Trimester: Proper rest, light exercise, avoiding stress, and absolutely no smoking or alcohol are crucial to protect the fetus optimally.

 

Consult a Doctor Immediately if the Mother Experiences

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Severe, continuous abdominal pain
  • Excessive morning sickness, unable to eat or drink
  • Fainting, dizziness
  • High fever

 

Common Questions About “Signs of a Healthy Pregnancy in the First 3 Months”

Here are 5 common questions regarding “signs of a healthy pregnancy in the first 3 months“:

1. Is Morning Sickness a Sign of a Healthy Pregnancy?

Answer: Yes! Although uncomfortable, morning sickness is a normal sign due to the surge in pregnancy hormones, indicating that the body is adapting to nourish the baby. Usually, the symptoms of morning sickness will decrease after the first trimester.

2. Is Not Having Morning Sickness a Bad Sign?

Answer: Not necessarily. About 30% of pregnant women do not experience morning sickness, which does not mean the fetus is not developing well. Expecting mothers should still monitor other body changes and have regular prenatal check-ups.

3. How Many Ultrasounds are Needed in the First 3 Months?

Answer: Typically, doctors will recommend at least one ultrasound in the first trimester, around the 6th to 9th week. The first trimester ultrasound helps to detect the fetal heartbeat, check the fetal position, screen for early abnormalities, and estimate the due date.

4. Is Supplementation Necessary in the First 3 Months?

Answer: Yes. Folic acid is extremely important for the development of the fetal nervous system and should be supplemented before pregnancy and during the first 3 months. Additionally, expecting mothers should focus on supplementing iron, calcium, vitamin D, etc., as guided by the doctor based on individual health status. Nutrition in the first 3 months is crucial for the health of both mother and baby.

5. What are the Abnormal Signs in the First 3 Months?

Answer: Any of the following signs require immediate medical consultation for timely intervention:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Severe, continuous abdominal pain
  • Excessive morning sickness, unable to eat or drink
  • High fever, fainting

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High fever, fainting need to see the doctor immediately

 

1. Study: A study published in the “American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology” found that pregnant women with morning sickness had a lower risk of delivering low birth weight babies compared to those who did not experience morning sickness.

2. Study: According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), pregnant women who gain the appropriate weight in the first trimester (about 1-2 kg) have a 30% lower risk of delivering low birth weight babies compared to those who gain too little or too much weight.

3. Study: A study published in “Pediatrics” showed that women who experienced changes in breast size and sensitivity in the first 3 months had a higher likelihood of successful breastfeeding.

4. Recommendation: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that all pregnant women have a first trimester ultrasound, ideally between weeks 6 and 9.

5. Study: According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), supplementing folic acid before and during the first 3 months reduces the risk of neural tube defects in the fetus by up to 70%.

 

The first trimester lays the critical foundation for the baby’s development. Understanding the signs of a healthy pregnancy in the first 3 months, along with regular prenatal check-ups and consultations with doctors, will help expecting mothers feel more assured and confident on their journey to welcoming a new family member.

 

References:

https://www.acog.org/clinical/clinical-guidance/practice-bulletin/articles/2018/01/nausea-and-vomiting-of-pregnancy

https://obgyn.stanford.edu/in-the-news/smfm23-recap-.html

https://www.babycenter.ca/thread/4685172/first-trimester-weight-gain

Kiểm Duyệt Nội Dung

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