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Skin Pain and Burning Sensation: 10 Common Causes and Treatment Methods

Experiencing a skin pain and burning sensation akin to being burnt is among the most uncomfortable symptoms many individuals may encounter throughout their lives. This condition not only causes physical discomfort but also impacts the daily life quality and mood of the affected individuals. The burning sensation can arise from various causes, ranging from common dermatological issues like dermatitis and sunburn to allergic reactions or even exposure to toxic chemicals. Therefore, understanding the underlying causes of this burning sensation is the first and most crucial step in seeking effective treatment methods. This article will provide an overview of the causes leading to skin irritation and burning sensation and suggest treatment and prevention measures, aiding in the best possible care for your skin.


Causes of Skin Irritation and Burning Sensation

Skin irritation and burning sensation can stem from a variety of causes, from common inflammatory skin conditions to more severe reactions due to chemical exposure or UV rays. Below are the main causes of this condition:

  1. Dermatitis – A general term used to describe irritated skin conditions causing itching, redness, and a burning sensation. Dermatitis includes contact dermatitis, allergic dermatitis, and eczema, each with its causes and treatment methods.

Da-dau-rat-nhu-bi-bong-1 Skin-Pain-and-Burning-Sensation

  1. Sunburn – Resulting from excessive UV exposure, leading to skin surface damage. Preventing sunburn involves using sunscreen and wearing protective clothing when exposed to intense sunlight.
  2. Allergic Reaction – Skin allergies can arise from various sources, including food, medications, or contact with irritants like perfumes and cosmetics, characterized by redness, itching, and burning.
  3. Chemical Burns – Contact with toxic chemicals, such as acids or alkalis, can cause severe skin damage, resulting in a burning sensation. Avoid exposure and use personal protective measures when handling chemicals.
  4. Shingles – Caused by the varicella-zoster virus, the same virus responsible for chickenpox. This condition causes a burning sensation and blistering along nerve paths.
  5. Psoriasis – A chronic skin condition caused by an overproduction of skin cells, leading to scales and sometimes a burning sensation.
  6. Xerosis (Dry Skin) – Excessive dryness can cause a tight, itchy, and burning sensation, often due to weather changes, hot water use, or indoor dry air exposure.
  7. Reactions to Skincare Products – Using inappropriate skincare products can cause irritation, leading to a burning sensation. Opt for gentle products and test on a small skin area before widespread use.
  8. Bullous Pemphigoid – A rare autoimmune condition causing large blisters and burning on the skin.
  9. Skin Infections – Common causes of skin irritation and burning, caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, often presenting with redness, swelling, warmth, pain, and sometimes pus.


Allergic skin reactions can arise from many causes


Treatment and Prevention

Minimizing and preventing skin irritation and burning sensation involves daily skincare measures. Here are ways to protect and nourish the skin, reducing the risk of developing skin issues.

Basic Skincare

Daily skincare involves cleaning, moisturizing, and protecting the skin from environmental harms. Use gentle, soap-free, and non-harsh chemical cleansers to avoid dryness and irritation. Then, apply a moisturizing cream to retain skin moisture, keeping it soft and reducing the risk of cracking. For sensitive or easily irritated skin, opt for fragrance-free and hypoallergenic moisturizing products.

Sunscreen Use

UV rays from the sun can damage the skin, leading to sunburn, premature aging, and an increased risk of skin cancer. Use sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher daily, even on cloudy days, to protect against UV rays. Apply sunscreen 20-30 minutes before going outdoors and reapply every 2-3 hours, especially if you’re active outdoors or swimming.


Sunlight emits UV rays that can harm the skin, leading to sunburn

Choosing Appropriate Skincare Products

Select skincare products based on your skin type and specific skin issues. For oily skin, choose oil-control and non-comedogenic products. Dry skin requires high-moisture products, while sensitive skin benefits from gentle, fragrance-free, alcohol-free, and irritant-free options. Carefully read ingredients and test products on a small skin area before full application.

Natural Remedies

Natural measures like aloe vera gel, coconut oil, and honey can soothe irritated skin and reduce burning sensations. Aloe vera offers cooling and healing properties, while coconut oil and honey provide moisture and antibacterial benefits, helping prevent infections.

When to See a Doctor

If skin irritation and burning do not improve after applying home care measures or if signs of infection or severe allergic reactions appear, consult a specialist immediately for timely treatment.


Contact Dermatitis:

  • A 2015 study published in the “Journal of Investigative Dermatology” confirmed that skin contact with irritants or allergens can lead to contact dermatitis, characterized by a burning sensation, swelling, redness, and itching. A 2017 article in “Dermatology and Therapy” demonstrated that strong detergents, chemicals, or even metals in jewelry could cause contact dermatitis. Skin Infections:
  • Research in 2018 from the “Journal of Clinical Microbiology” indicated that bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes could cause skin infections, presenting symptoms like burning, swelling, redness, pain, and pus formation. A 2019 paper in “Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases” emphasized the importance of timely treatment of skin infections to avoid severe complications. Burns:
  • A 2020 study published in “Burns” outlined various degrees of skin burns and their corresponding symptoms, including redness, burning, swelling, blisters, and necrosis. An article in 2021 in “Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery” explained the mechanism of skin damage due to burns, affecting skin layers and the nervous system, leading to severe pain and burning sensation.

This article has provided information on “skin pain and burning sensation” like being burnt and related knowledge. We hope you find this information useful.


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